We examine the possibility that pertinent impurities in a condensed matter system may help in designing quantum devices with enhanced coherent behaviors. For this purpose, we analyze a field theory model describing Y-shaped superconducting Josephson networks. We show that a new finite coupling stable infrared fixed point emerges in its phase diagram; we then explicitly show that, when engineered to operate near this new fixed point, Y-shaped networks support two-level quantum systems, for which the entanglement with the environment is frustrated.We briefly address the potential relevance of this result for engineering finite-size superconducting devices with enhanced quantum coherence. Our approach uses boundary conformal field theory since it naturally allows for a field theoretical treatment of the phase slips (instantons), describing the quantum tunneling between degenerate levels.

Frustration of Decoherence in Y-Shaped Superconducting Josephson Networks.

SODANO, Pasquale
2008

Abstract

We examine the possibility that pertinent impurities in a condensed matter system may help in designing quantum devices with enhanced coherent behaviors. For this purpose, we analyze a field theory model describing Y-shaped superconducting Josephson networks. We show that a new finite coupling stable infrared fixed point emerges in its phase diagram; we then explicitly show that, when engineered to operate near this new fixed point, Y-shaped networks support two-level quantum systems, for which the entanglement with the environment is frustrated.We briefly address the potential relevance of this result for engineering finite-size superconducting devices with enhanced quantum coherence. Our approach uses boundary conformal field theory since it naturally allows for a field theoretical treatment of the phase slips (instantons), describing the quantum tunneling between degenerate levels.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/36054
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