In a viable single-period model with one stock and k  >= 2 scenarios the completeness of the market is equivalent to the uniqueness of the risk neutral probability; this equivalence allows to price every derivative security with a unique fair price. When the market is incomplete, the set of all possible risk neutral probabilities is not a singleton and for every non attainable derivative security we have a bid-ask interval of possible prices. In literature, different methods have been proposed in order to select a unique risk neutral probability starting with the real world probability p. Contrary to the complete case, in all these models is really used for the option pricing and its elicitation is a crucial point for every criterion used to select a risk neutral probability. We propose a method for the valuation problem in incomplete markets which can be used when p is a partial conditional probability assessment as well as when we have different expert opinions expressed through conditional probability assessments. In fact, it is not always possible to elicit a probability distribution p over all the possible states of the world: the information that we have could be partial, conditional or even not coherent. Therefore we will select a risk neutral probability by minimizing a discrepancy measure introduced in [2] and analized in [3] between p and the set of all possible risk neutral probability, where p can be a partial conditional probability assessments or it can be given by the fusion of different expert opinions.

Risk Neutral Valuations Based on Partial Probabilistic Information

CAPOTORTI, Andrea;REGOLI, Giuliana;VATTARI, FRANCESCA
2010

Abstract

In a viable single-period model with one stock and k  >= 2 scenarios the completeness of the market is equivalent to the uniqueness of the risk neutral probability; this equivalence allows to price every derivative security with a unique fair price. When the market is incomplete, the set of all possible risk neutral probabilities is not a singleton and for every non attainable derivative security we have a bid-ask interval of possible prices. In literature, different methods have been proposed in order to select a unique risk neutral probability starting with the real world probability p. Contrary to the complete case, in all these models is really used for the option pricing and its elicitation is a crucial point for every criterion used to select a risk neutral probability. We propose a method for the valuation problem in incomplete markets which can be used when p is a partial conditional probability assessment as well as when we have different expert opinions expressed through conditional probability assessments. In fact, it is not always possible to elicit a probability distribution p over all the possible states of the world: the information that we have could be partial, conditional or even not coherent. Therefore we will select a risk neutral probability by minimizing a discrepancy measure introduced in [2] and analized in [3] between p and the set of all possible risk neutral probability, where p can be a partial conditional probability assessments or it can be given by the fusion of different expert opinions.
9783642140570
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/42676
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