Our aim was to evaluate the different clinical value of (111)In-pentetreotide hybrid SPET/CT versus SPET alone in detecting carcinoid tumours located in the thoracic and abdominal region. Twenty-four patients with carcinoid tumours histologically proven (13 of abdominal origin, 11 of thoracic origin) underwent (111)In-pentetreotide SPET/CT with hybrid system (Millennium VG with Hawkeye, G.E.M.S., USA) composed of a dual head gamma camera equipped with a low dose X-ray tube. Single photon emission tomography images were performed 4h and 24h after (111)In-pentetreotide intravenous administration, while SPET/CT co-registered images were performed at 4h. Scintigraphic images were first evaluated alone and then re-interpreted by adding transmission fused data. Nine of the 13 patients with tumours of abdominal origin showed pathological SPET images, while 4/13 were negative. Seven out of the 11 patients with tumour of thoracic origin had pathological SPET findings, while 4/11 were negative. In all, 11/24 subjects disclosed abdominal pathological uptake and 10/24 thoracic. In 6/11 abdominal cases SPET/CT allowed anatomical localization of lesions, while in 2/10 in thoracic cases. Additional data were provided by SPET/CT in 8/24 cases (6 abdominal, 2 thoracic), by transmission images characterized as lesions not expressing somatostatin receptors. Sensitivity of SPET alone in all carcinoids was 72%, negative predictive value (NPV) was 50% and accuracy was 78%. Considering abdominal lesions (independently of the origin) sensitivity of SPET alone was 64.7%, NPV was 40%, accuracy was 71.4%. For thoracic lesions sensitivity of SPET alone was 83.3%, NPV was 66.7% and accuracy was 87.5%. For SPET/CT considering together all carcinoids and also separately lesions of abdominal and of thoracic origin, sensitivity, NPV and accuracy were always 100%. In conclusion, SPET/CT imaging was more useful to anatomically detect carcinoids either in abdomen or in thorax and specifically lesions not expressing somatostatin receptors, as compared to SPET alone.

(111)In-pentetreotide SPET/CT in carcinoid tumours: is the role of hybrid systems advantageous in abdominal or thoracic lesions?

TRANFAGLIA, CRISTINA;CARDINALI, LAURA;GATTUCCI, MAURIZIO;SCIALPI, Michele;FEROLLA, PIERO;PALUMBO, Barbara
2011-01-01

Abstract

Our aim was to evaluate the different clinical value of (111)In-pentetreotide hybrid SPET/CT versus SPET alone in detecting carcinoid tumours located in the thoracic and abdominal region. Twenty-four patients with carcinoid tumours histologically proven (13 of abdominal origin, 11 of thoracic origin) underwent (111)In-pentetreotide SPET/CT with hybrid system (Millennium VG with Hawkeye, G.E.M.S., USA) composed of a dual head gamma camera equipped with a low dose X-ray tube. Single photon emission tomography images were performed 4h and 24h after (111)In-pentetreotide intravenous administration, while SPET/CT co-registered images were performed at 4h. Scintigraphic images were first evaluated alone and then re-interpreted by adding transmission fused data. Nine of the 13 patients with tumours of abdominal origin showed pathological SPET images, while 4/13 were negative. Seven out of the 11 patients with tumour of thoracic origin had pathological SPET findings, while 4/11 were negative. In all, 11/24 subjects disclosed abdominal pathological uptake and 10/24 thoracic. In 6/11 abdominal cases SPET/CT allowed anatomical localization of lesions, while in 2/10 in thoracic cases. Additional data were provided by SPET/CT in 8/24 cases (6 abdominal, 2 thoracic), by transmission images characterized as lesions not expressing somatostatin receptors. Sensitivity of SPET alone in all carcinoids was 72%, negative predictive value (NPV) was 50% and accuracy was 78%. Considering abdominal lesions (independently of the origin) sensitivity of SPET alone was 64.7%, NPV was 40%, accuracy was 71.4%. For thoracic lesions sensitivity of SPET alone was 83.3%, NPV was 66.7% and accuracy was 87.5%. For SPET/CT considering together all carcinoids and also separately lesions of abdominal and of thoracic origin, sensitivity, NPV and accuracy were always 100%. In conclusion, SPET/CT imaging was more useful to anatomically detect carcinoids either in abdomen or in thorax and specifically lesions not expressing somatostatin receptors, as compared to SPET alone.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/568497
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 13
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact