The present study regards possible changes in the activity of glyoxalase system enzymes (glyoxalase I, GI, and glyoxalase II, GII) in tissues (brain, liver and white muscle) of the mediterranean bony fish Sparus auratus after a 20 days exposure to sublethal concentrations (0.1 or 0.5 ppm) of Cu in the marine water and on control untreated animals. The experiments also included measurements of copper concentration in the tissues, as well as of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity, to evaluate possible Cu accumulation and changes in glycolytic activity respectively. Cu accumulation only occurs in the liver. GI, GII and LDH activities kept unchanged in the brain after copper exposure. GI activity in liver and muscle of copper-exposed animals decreases probably for a slackening in the glycolytic rate, as suggested by the lowering of LDH activity. GII activity remains unchanged or increases (liver extract, 0.5 ppm of Cu), maybe to safeguard enough cellular levels of GSH.
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