Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a common condition in the elderly which may remain stable along time (MCI-MCI) or evolve into Alzheimer's disease (MCI-AD) or other dementias. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) classical biomarkers, i.e., amyloid-β 1-42 (Aβ1-42), total tau (t-tau), and phosphorylated tau (p-tau) reflect the neuropathological changes taking place in AD brains, thus disclosing the disease in its prodromal phase. With the aim to evaluate the power of each biomarker and/or their combination in predicting AD progression, we have measured CSF Aβ1-40, Aβ1-42, t-tau, and p-tau in patients with AD, MCI-MCI, MCI-AD, and other neurological diseases without dementia (OND) followed up for four years. Aβ1-42 levels were significantly lower in AD and MCI-AD than in MCI-MCI. T-tau and p-tau levels were significantly increased in AD and MCI-AD versus OND and MCI-MCI. The Aβ1-42/Aβ1-40 ratio showed a significant decrease in AD and MCI-AD as compared to MCI-MCI. Both Aβ1-42/t-tau and Aβ1-42/p-tau ratios showed significantly decreased values in AD and MCI-AD with respect to OND and MCI-MCI. Aβ1-42/p-tau ratio was the best parameter for discriminating MCI-AD from MCI-MCI (sensitivity 81\%, specificity 95\%), being also correlated with the annual change rate in the Mini Mental State Examination score (MMSE-ACR, rS = -0.71, p < 0.0001). Survival analysis showed that 81\% of MCI with a low Aβ1-42/p-tau ratio (<1372) progressed to AD. The best model of logistic regression analysis retained Aβ1-42 and p-tau (sensitivity 75\%, 95\%CI: 70-80\%; specificity 96\%, 95\%CI: 94-98\%). We can conclude that Aβ1-42 and p-tau reliably predict conversion to AD in MCI patients.

Performance of Aβ1-40, Aβ1-42, Total Tau, and Phosphorylated Tau as Predictors of Dementia in a Cohort of Patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment.

PARNETTI, Lucilla;CHIASSERINI, DAVIDE;EUSEBI, PAOLO;GIANNANDREA, DAVID;PADIGLIONI, CHIARA;MASTROCOLA, SARA;CALABRESI, PAOLO
2012

Abstract

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a common condition in the elderly which may remain stable along time (MCI-MCI) or evolve into Alzheimer's disease (MCI-AD) or other dementias. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) classical biomarkers, i.e., amyloid-β 1-42 (Aβ1-42), total tau (t-tau), and phosphorylated tau (p-tau) reflect the neuropathological changes taking place in AD brains, thus disclosing the disease in its prodromal phase. With the aim to evaluate the power of each biomarker and/or their combination in predicting AD progression, we have measured CSF Aβ1-40, Aβ1-42, t-tau, and p-tau in patients with AD, MCI-MCI, MCI-AD, and other neurological diseases without dementia (OND) followed up for four years. Aβ1-42 levels were significantly lower in AD and MCI-AD than in MCI-MCI. T-tau and p-tau levels were significantly increased in AD and MCI-AD versus OND and MCI-MCI. The Aβ1-42/Aβ1-40 ratio showed a significant decrease in AD and MCI-AD as compared to MCI-MCI. Both Aβ1-42/t-tau and Aβ1-42/p-tau ratios showed significantly decreased values in AD and MCI-AD with respect to OND and MCI-MCI. Aβ1-42/p-tau ratio was the best parameter for discriminating MCI-AD from MCI-MCI (sensitivity 81\%, specificity 95\%), being also correlated with the annual change rate in the Mini Mental State Examination score (MMSE-ACR, rS = -0.71, p < 0.0001). Survival analysis showed that 81\% of MCI with a low Aβ1-42/p-tau ratio (<1372) progressed to AD. The best model of logistic regression analysis retained Aβ1-42 and p-tau (sensitivity 75\%, 95\%CI: 70-80\%; specificity 96\%, 95\%CI: 94-98\%). We can conclude that Aβ1-42 and p-tau reliably predict conversion to AD in MCI patients.
2012
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/773707
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