We have measured the muon flux at the underground Gran Sasso National Laboratory (3800 m w.e.) to be (3.41±0.01)⋅10−4 m−2 s−1 using four years of Borexino data. A modulation of this signal is observed with a period of (366±3) days and a relative amplitude of (1.29±0.07)%. The measured phase is (179±6) days, corresponding to a maximum on the 28th of June. Using the most complete atmospheric data models available, muon rate fluctuations are shown to be positively correlated with atmospheric temperature, with an effective coefficient αT = 0.93±0.04. This result represents the most precise study of the muon flux modulation for this site and is in good agreement with expectations.

Cosmic-muon flux and annual modulation in Borexino at 3800 m water-equivalent depth

ORTICA, Fausto;ROMANI, Aldo;
2012

Abstract

We have measured the muon flux at the underground Gran Sasso National Laboratory (3800 m w.e.) to be (3.41±0.01)⋅10−4 m−2 s−1 using four years of Borexino data. A modulation of this signal is observed with a period of (366±3) days and a relative amplitude of (1.29±0.07)%. The measured phase is (179±6) days, corresponding to a maximum on the 28th of June. Using the most complete atmospheric data models available, muon rate fluctuations are shown to be positively correlated with atmospheric temperature, with an effective coefficient αT = 0.93±0.04. This result represents the most precise study of the muon flux modulation for this site and is in good agreement with expectations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/900899
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