The synthesis and characterization of two neutrally charged Ni(II) ethylene polymerization catalysts, [2-tert-butyl- 6-((2,6-(3,5-dimethylphenyl)phenylimino)methyl)phenolato]nickel(II) methyl trimethylphosphine ((CH3)FI-Ni) and [2-tertbutyl- 6-((2,6-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)phenylimino)methyl)phenolato]nickel(II) methyl trimethylphosphine ((CF3)FINi) are reported. In the presence of a Ni(COD)2 cocatalyst, these catalysts produce markedly different polyethylenes: densely branched oligomers with Mw = 1.4 × 103 g mol−1 for (CH3)FI-Ni vs lightly branched polyethylenes with Mw = 92 × 103 g mol−1 for (CF3)FI-Ni and with ∼6.5× the polymerization activity and with much greater performance thermal stability. HOESY 2D 19F,1H NMR spectra of a model Ni-ethyl compound, [2-tert-butyl-6-((2,6-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)phenylimino)methyl)phenolato]- nickel(II) ethyl 2,4-lutidine ((CF3)FI-Ni-Et), indicate non-negligible Cβ−Hβ···F3C through-space dipolar interactions, and molecular modeling reveals that Cβ−Hβ···F(C) distances can be as small as ∼2.61 Å during the polymerization process. Furthermore, there is no structural or spectroscopic evidence for fluorocarbon inductive effects on the structure, bonding, and reactivity of these complexes, and a catalyst with CF3 introduced β to the imino N produces only low-Mw oligomers with low activity. These results argue that weak (ligand)C−F···H−C(polymer) interactions can significantly influence the chain transfer characteristics of these catalysts.

Suppression of β-Hydride Chain Transfer in Nickel(II)-Catalyzed Ethylene Polymerization via Weak Fluorocarbon Ligand–Product Interactions

ZUCCACCIA, Cristiano;MACCHIONI, Alceo;
2012

Abstract

The synthesis and characterization of two neutrally charged Ni(II) ethylene polymerization catalysts, [2-tert-butyl- 6-((2,6-(3,5-dimethylphenyl)phenylimino)methyl)phenolato]nickel(II) methyl trimethylphosphine ((CH3)FI-Ni) and [2-tertbutyl- 6-((2,6-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)phenylimino)methyl)phenolato]nickel(II) methyl trimethylphosphine ((CF3)FINi) are reported. In the presence of a Ni(COD)2 cocatalyst, these catalysts produce markedly different polyethylenes: densely branched oligomers with Mw = 1.4 × 103 g mol−1 for (CH3)FI-Ni vs lightly branched polyethylenes with Mw = 92 × 103 g mol−1 for (CF3)FI-Ni and with ∼6.5× the polymerization activity and with much greater performance thermal stability. HOESY 2D 19F,1H NMR spectra of a model Ni-ethyl compound, [2-tert-butyl-6-((2,6-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)phenylimino)methyl)phenolato]- nickel(II) ethyl 2,4-lutidine ((CF3)FI-Ni-Et), indicate non-negligible Cβ−Hβ···F3C through-space dipolar interactions, and molecular modeling reveals that Cβ−Hβ···F(C) distances can be as small as ∼2.61 Å during the polymerization process. Furthermore, there is no structural or spectroscopic evidence for fluorocarbon inductive effects on the structure, bonding, and reactivity of these complexes, and a catalyst with CF3 introduced β to the imino N produces only low-Mw oligomers with low activity. These results argue that weak (ligand)C−F···H−C(polymer) interactions can significantly influence the chain transfer characteristics of these catalysts.
2012
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/914116
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