OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) in the evolution of septic arthritis induced by group B streptococci (GBS) in mice. METHODS: Mice deficient in MMP-2 (MMP-2(-/-) ) and wild-type controls were injected intravenously with 1 × 10(7) colony-forming units of type IV GBS (strain 1/82). Levels of MMP-2, mortality rates, evolution of arthritis, bacterial clearance, joint histopathologic features, and production of cytokines and chemokines were examined in both experimental groups of mice on days 3, 6, and 9 after infection. RESULTS: MMP-2 was produced during GBS infection. Disruption of the gene for MMP-2 resulted in a decrease in the incidence and severity of arthritis, as demonstrated by both clinical and histologic findings, without affecting mortality rates. Amelioration of arthritis was accompanied by a dramatic reduction in the local production of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, macrophage inflammatory protein 1α (MIP-1α), and MIP-2 and a reduced bacterial burden. CONCLUSION: MMP-2, produced early during GBS infection in mice, is involved in the degradation of extracellular matrix components at the level of the joint. This degradation is the first step in a cascade of events (joint invasion by GBS, extravasation and accumulation of inflammatory cells, proinflammatory cytokine production), all of which contribute to the damage of articular tissue. Thus, MMP-2 should be regarded as a potential therapeutic target in GBS-induced arthritis.

Contribution of matrix metalloproteinase 2 to joint destruction in group B Streptococcus-induced murine arthritis.

PULITI, Manuela;MOMI, Stefania;FALCINELLI, Emanuela;GRESELE, Paolo;BISTONI, Francesco;TISSI, Luciana
2012-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) in the evolution of septic arthritis induced by group B streptococci (GBS) in mice. METHODS: Mice deficient in MMP-2 (MMP-2(-/-) ) and wild-type controls were injected intravenously with 1 × 10(7) colony-forming units of type IV GBS (strain 1/82). Levels of MMP-2, mortality rates, evolution of arthritis, bacterial clearance, joint histopathologic features, and production of cytokines and chemokines were examined in both experimental groups of mice on days 3, 6, and 9 after infection. RESULTS: MMP-2 was produced during GBS infection. Disruption of the gene for MMP-2 resulted in a decrease in the incidence and severity of arthritis, as demonstrated by both clinical and histologic findings, without affecting mortality rates. Amelioration of arthritis was accompanied by a dramatic reduction in the local production of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, macrophage inflammatory protein 1α (MIP-1α), and MIP-2 and a reduced bacterial burden. CONCLUSION: MMP-2, produced early during GBS infection in mice, is involved in the degradation of extracellular matrix components at the level of the joint. This degradation is the first step in a cascade of events (joint invasion by GBS, extravasation and accumulation of inflammatory cells, proinflammatory cytokine production), all of which contribute to the damage of articular tissue. Thus, MMP-2 should be regarded as a potential therapeutic target in GBS-induced arthritis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/914279
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