Traditional characterization of the leak head-discharge relationship in pipeline systems relies on the use of power law functions to explain the increase of leakage rate with pressure when network and laboratory data are analyzed. However, recent studies addressed that the leak behavior is complex and influenced by pipe materials and leak geometries. The experimental tests, carried out at Water Engineering Laboratory of the University of Perugia (WEL), Italy, show that the leak head-discharge relationship on polyethylene pipes is not a bijective function since it gives rise to different discharge values with respect to one value of pressure. To explore this issue two viscoelastic models of a leak in a polyethylene pipe are introduced and compared with other leakage models. The results show that the viscoelastic behavior reflects on the leak head-discharge relationship and care should be taken in the use of bijective relationships.

Is the leak head-discharge relationship in polyethylene pipes a bijective function?

MASSARI, CHRISTIAN;FERRANTE, Marco;BRUNONE, Bruno;MENICONI, SILVIA
2012

Abstract

Traditional characterization of the leak head-discharge relationship in pipeline systems relies on the use of power law functions to explain the increase of leakage rate with pressure when network and laboratory data are analyzed. However, recent studies addressed that the leak behavior is complex and influenced by pipe materials and leak geometries. The experimental tests, carried out at Water Engineering Laboratory of the University of Perugia (WEL), Italy, show that the leak head-discharge relationship on polyethylene pipes is not a bijective function since it gives rise to different discharge values with respect to one value of pressure. To explore this issue two viscoelastic models of a leak in a polyethylene pipe are introduced and compared with other leakage models. The results show that the viscoelastic behavior reflects on the leak head-discharge relationship and care should be taken in the use of bijective relationships.
2012
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/914337
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