The synthesis of N-(p-nitrocarbobenzoxy)glutathione (N-pNCBG) is reported. N-pNCBG and glutathione (GSH) were coupled to Affi-gel 10 by a thioester linkage and resulted in very effective bound ligands for a fast purification of glyoxalase II from corn. The S-(N-pNCBG)-affinity column showed a glyoxalase II binding capacity of up to 2-fold higher than that of the glutathione-affinity column. A single form of glyoxalase II was evidenced by PAGE in both crude extracts and in the affinity purified enzyme. A 45% recovery of glyoxalase II activity (purification, approx. 433-fold) was obtained for both matrices by a single chromatography. The purified glyoxalase is an acidic protein (pI 4.5) of about 26,000 relative molecular mass. Substrate studies for the corn glyoxalase II show, among possible substrates tested, that S-D-lactyl-glutathione is the preferred substrate. An inhibition study was performed with methyl-, propyl-, hexyl-, p-nitrobenzyl-, p-chlorophenacyl-, carbobenzoxy-, and p-nitrocarbobenzoxy-S-glutathione. Methyl-S-glutathione did not inhibit corn glyoxalase II; the others were found to be linear competitive inhibitors. The derivatives containing a thioether bond are weaker inhibitors than those containing a thioester bond or a carbonyl group. p-Nitrobenzyl-S-glutathione is the weakest inhibitor; the carbobenzoxy-S-derivatives are stronger inhibitors than the p-chlorophenacyl S-derivative.
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