Background & Aims: Concanavalin A (con A)-induced hepatitis is an immunomediated disease in which assembly of CD4+ T cells and T helper (Th)1-like cytokines causes Fas-mediated liver cell death. Nitric oxide (NO) modulates Th1 response in vitro. NCX-4016 is an NO-aspirin derivative that spares the gastrointestinal tract and shares molecular targets with NO. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this NO-aspirin modulates Th1-like response induced by con A. Methods: BALB/c mice were injected with 0.3 mg con A per mouse alone or in combination with NO-aspirin (18-100 mg/kg) or aspirin (10-55 mg/kg). Results: NO-aspirin, but not aspirin, caused a dose-dependent protection against liver damage induced by con A. At a dose of 100 mg/kg, NO-aspirin caused a 40%-80% reduction of interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-12, IL-18, interferon (IFN)-gamma, and tumor necrosis factor alpha production without affecting cytokine messenger RNA expression. NO-aspirin prevented Pas, Pas ligand, and IL-2 receptor up-regulation on spleen lymphocytes and Fas ligand on hepatocytes and caused the S-nitrosylation/inhibition of IL-1 beta-converting enzyme-like cysteine proteases (caspases) involved in the processing and maturation of IL-1 beta and IL-18. IL-18 immunoneutralization prevented IFN-gamma release and protected from liver injury induced by con A. In contrast to a selective caspase 1 inhibitor, zVAD.FMK, a pancaspase inhibitor, prevented IFN-gamma release and protected the liver from injury. Conclusions: Th1-like response induced by con A is mediated by IL-18 and requires activation of multiple caspases. NCX-4016 causes the S-nitrosylation/inhibition of caspases involved in cytokine production. inhibition of Th1-like response is a new antiinflammatory mechanism of action of NO-aspirin.

NO-aspirin protects from T cell-mediated liver injury by inhibiting caspase-dependent processing of Th1-like cytokines

FIORUCCI, Stefano;MORELLI, Olivia;ROMANI, Luigina;
2000

Abstract

Background & Aims: Concanavalin A (con A)-induced hepatitis is an immunomediated disease in which assembly of CD4+ T cells and T helper (Th)1-like cytokines causes Fas-mediated liver cell death. Nitric oxide (NO) modulates Th1 response in vitro. NCX-4016 is an NO-aspirin derivative that spares the gastrointestinal tract and shares molecular targets with NO. The aim of this study was to investigate whether this NO-aspirin modulates Th1-like response induced by con A. Methods: BALB/c mice were injected with 0.3 mg con A per mouse alone or in combination with NO-aspirin (18-100 mg/kg) or aspirin (10-55 mg/kg). Results: NO-aspirin, but not aspirin, caused a dose-dependent protection against liver damage induced by con A. At a dose of 100 mg/kg, NO-aspirin caused a 40%-80% reduction of interleukin (IL)-1 beta, IL-12, IL-18, interferon (IFN)-gamma, and tumor necrosis factor alpha production without affecting cytokine messenger RNA expression. NO-aspirin prevented Pas, Pas ligand, and IL-2 receptor up-regulation on spleen lymphocytes and Fas ligand on hepatocytes and caused the S-nitrosylation/inhibition of IL-1 beta-converting enzyme-like cysteine proteases (caspases) involved in the processing and maturation of IL-1 beta and IL-18. IL-18 immunoneutralization prevented IFN-gamma release and protected from liver injury induced by con A. In contrast to a selective caspase 1 inhibitor, zVAD.FMK, a pancaspase inhibitor, prevented IFN-gamma release and protected the liver from injury. Conclusions: Th1-like response induced by con A is mediated by IL-18 and requires activation of multiple caspases. NCX-4016 causes the S-nitrosylation/inhibition of caspases involved in cytokine production. inhibition of Th1-like response is a new antiinflammatory mechanism of action of NO-aspirin.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/920506
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