Tissue-specific nuclear repatternings, consisting of changes in the number and size of the chromocenters, were observed by analyzing, in Feulgen squashes and sections, different tissues of several plant species, particularly of Ionopsidium savianum. Nuclear repatternings occur mainly near the base of the meristems. They are due to associations of chromosomes at their heterochromatic regions. This was confirmed by the results of cytophotometric measurements, showing the same contents of both Feulgen/DNA and heterochromatin in nuclei with a different number of chromocenters. These data also showed that chromosome association does not occur in endoreduplicating or endoreduplicated cells. Autoradiographic results after [3H]thymidine treatments indicated that DNA synthesis does not occur in nuclei with extensive chromosome association. A highly significant, positive correlation was found between the number of chromocenters in each nucleus and the amount of RNA synthesis as indicated by [3H]uridine incorporation. It is suggested that chromosome association plays some role in the regulation of the functional activity of the nucleus and in tissue differentiation.

Tissue-specific nuclear repatterning in plant cells.

CECCARELLI, Marilena;CIONINI, Pier Giorgio
1993

Abstract

Tissue-specific nuclear repatternings, consisting of changes in the number and size of the chromocenters, were observed by analyzing, in Feulgen squashes and sections, different tissues of several plant species, particularly of Ionopsidium savianum. Nuclear repatternings occur mainly near the base of the meristems. They are due to associations of chromosomes at their heterochromatic regions. This was confirmed by the results of cytophotometric measurements, showing the same contents of both Feulgen/DNA and heterochromatin in nuclei with a different number of chromocenters. These data also showed that chromosome association does not occur in endoreduplicating or endoreduplicated cells. Autoradiographic results after [3H]thymidine treatments indicated that DNA synthesis does not occur in nuclei with extensive chromosome association. A highly significant, positive correlation was found between the number of chromocenters in each nucleus and the amount of RNA synthesis as indicated by [3H]uridine incorporation. It is suggested that chromosome association plays some role in the regulation of the functional activity of the nucleus and in tissue differentiation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/951982
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