Lipoxins and aspirin-triggered 15-epi-lipoxins (ATL) are counter-regulatory eicosanoids with potent antiinflammatory actions. Oral efficacy and mechanism of action of ZK-192,a beta-oxidation-resistant 3-oxa-ATL analog, were examined in trinitrobenzenesulphonate (TNBS)-induced colitis. When dosed orally once daily, 300 and 1,000 mug/kg ZK-192 markedly attenuated TNBS colitis in rodents both in preventive and therapeutic regimens. ZK-192 attenuated weight loss, macroscopic and histologic colon injury, mucosal neutrophil infiltration, and colon wall thickening. ZK-192 was as effective as 3-10 mg/kg oral prednisolone. ZK-192 decreased mucosal mRNA levels for several inflammatory mediators: inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase 2, and macrophage inflammatory protein 2. ZK-192 also decreased mucosal mRNA and protein levels of T helper 1 effector cytokines: tumor necrosis factor alpha, IL-2, and IFN-gamma. Systemic levels of these cytokines were also dramatically attenuated. CD3/CD28-mediated costimulation of T helper 1 effector cytokine release in lamina propria mononuclear cells was markedly inhibited by ZK-192 ex vivo and in vitro. ZK-192 also prevented colitis in lymphocyte-deficient severe combined immunodeficient mice, with approximate to75% inhibition of mucosal tumor necrosis factor a and IL-2 levels. The results are further evidence that innate immune cells function as triggers for hapten-induced colitis. The combined antiinflammatory and immunomodulatory effects of ZK-192 in TNBS colitis suggest that ATL analogs may be an attractive oral treatment approach for inflammatory bowel diseases.

A beta-oxidation-resistant lipoxin A(4) analog treats hapten-induced colitis by attenuating inflammation and immune dysfunction

FIORUCCI, Stefano;MENCARELLI, Andrea;
2004

Abstract

Lipoxins and aspirin-triggered 15-epi-lipoxins (ATL) are counter-regulatory eicosanoids with potent antiinflammatory actions. Oral efficacy and mechanism of action of ZK-192,a beta-oxidation-resistant 3-oxa-ATL analog, were examined in trinitrobenzenesulphonate (TNBS)-induced colitis. When dosed orally once daily, 300 and 1,000 mug/kg ZK-192 markedly attenuated TNBS colitis in rodents both in preventive and therapeutic regimens. ZK-192 attenuated weight loss, macroscopic and histologic colon injury, mucosal neutrophil infiltration, and colon wall thickening. ZK-192 was as effective as 3-10 mg/kg oral prednisolone. ZK-192 decreased mucosal mRNA levels for several inflammatory mediators: inducible nitric oxide synthase, cyclooxygenase 2, and macrophage inflammatory protein 2. ZK-192 also decreased mucosal mRNA and protein levels of T helper 1 effector cytokines: tumor necrosis factor alpha, IL-2, and IFN-gamma. Systemic levels of these cytokines were also dramatically attenuated. CD3/CD28-mediated costimulation of T helper 1 effector cytokine release in lamina propria mononuclear cells was markedly inhibited by ZK-192 ex vivo and in vitro. ZK-192 also prevented colitis in lymphocyte-deficient severe combined immunodeficient mice, with approximate to75% inhibition of mucosal tumor necrosis factor a and IL-2 levels. The results are further evidence that innate immune cells function as triggers for hapten-induced colitis. The combined antiinflammatory and immunomodulatory effects of ZK-192 in TNBS colitis suggest that ATL analogs may be an attractive oral treatment approach for inflammatory bowel diseases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/986382
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