Recent in vitro and in vivo studies suggest that the anti-inflammatory properties of extra virgin olive oil may be involved in the prevention of chronic degenerative diseases. In this study, the ability of olive oil phenols to influence the release of superoxide anions (O2.-), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and TNFα and the expression of cyclooxygenase2 (COX2) in human monocytes, freshly isolated from healthy donors, was investigated. O2.- were measured by superoxide dismutase-inhibitable cytochrome c reduction and PGE2 and TNFα production were determined in culture medium with appropriate Enzyme Immunoassay kits. COX2 mRNA and protein were evaluated by qPCR and Western immunoblotting, respectively. Treatment of monocytes for 24 h with 100 µM of hydroxytyrosol (3,4-DHPEA), tyrosol (p-HPEA) and their secoiridoid derivatives (3,4-DHPEA and p-HPEA linked to the dialdehydic form of elenolic acid: 3,4-DHPEA-EDA and p-HPEA-EDA, respectively), significantly (P<0.05) inhibited the production of O2.- as follow: 3,4-DHPEA (40%,); p-HPEA (9%), 3,4-DHPEA-EDA (25%) and p-HPEA-EDA (36%). Hydroxytyrosol also considerably reduced the expression of COX2 at both the mRNA and protein level (P<0.05), and caused a clear dose-dependent reduction of PGE2 released into the culture medium (45% and 71% at 50 and 100 µM, respectively, P<0.05). The COX2 mRNA was also efficiently inhibited by the secoiridoids. Moreover, it was shown that hydroxytyrosol increased the monocytes TNFα production. In addition to other chemopreventive properties, these results suggest that the health effects of olive oil phenols may be related to their ability to modulate the production of pro-inflammatory molecules, a property common to non-steroideal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Effect of olive oil phenols on the production of inflammatory mediators in freshly isolated human monocytes.

ROSIGNOLI, Patrizia;FUCCELLI, RAFFAELA;FABIANI, Roberto;SERVILI, Maurizio;MOROZZI, Guido
2013

Abstract

Recent in vitro and in vivo studies suggest that the anti-inflammatory properties of extra virgin olive oil may be involved in the prevention of chronic degenerative diseases. In this study, the ability of olive oil phenols to influence the release of superoxide anions (O2.-), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and TNFα and the expression of cyclooxygenase2 (COX2) in human monocytes, freshly isolated from healthy donors, was investigated. O2.- were measured by superoxide dismutase-inhibitable cytochrome c reduction and PGE2 and TNFα production were determined in culture medium with appropriate Enzyme Immunoassay kits. COX2 mRNA and protein were evaluated by qPCR and Western immunoblotting, respectively. Treatment of monocytes for 24 h with 100 µM of hydroxytyrosol (3,4-DHPEA), tyrosol (p-HPEA) and their secoiridoid derivatives (3,4-DHPEA and p-HPEA linked to the dialdehydic form of elenolic acid: 3,4-DHPEA-EDA and p-HPEA-EDA, respectively), significantly (P<0.05) inhibited the production of O2.- as follow: 3,4-DHPEA (40%,); p-HPEA (9%), 3,4-DHPEA-EDA (25%) and p-HPEA-EDA (36%). Hydroxytyrosol also considerably reduced the expression of COX2 at both the mRNA and protein level (P<0.05), and caused a clear dose-dependent reduction of PGE2 released into the culture medium (45% and 71% at 50 and 100 µM, respectively, P<0.05). The COX2 mRNA was also efficiently inhibited by the secoiridoids. Moreover, it was shown that hydroxytyrosol increased the monocytes TNFα production. In addition to other chemopreventive properties, these results suggest that the health effects of olive oil phenols may be related to their ability to modulate the production of pro-inflammatory molecules, a property common to non-steroideal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
2013
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1138667
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