The climate of high-density urban areas is often affected by the air temperature increase with respect to the neighbouring country-side. This phenomenon, known as the urban heat Island (UHI) effect, is strongly influenced by the solar reflectance of building envelope and coating materials, and it is enhanced in the presence of built patterns that trap the solar and anthropogenic energy, usually referred to as urban heat canyons. An original method to quantify the urban heat canyon effect as a function of meteorological conditions, geometry, and surface properties is proposed. The goal is to provide a reliable tool to estimate the effect of the reflective properties of the canyon surfaces on the urban environment, in order to guide the choice of effective solution towards the UHI mitigation. An energy-balanced analytic model, specifically set-up to predict surface temperatures inside an urban canyon, is applied to a scale test facility located at the University of Perugia, Italy. The test facility is made of two twin arrays resembling urban canyons with different aspect ratios. Each canyon can be equipped with reflective films to quantify the radiative exchange variation. Preliminary results from the experimental facility monitoring and the analytic model validation are presented.

An energy-balanced analytic model for urban heat canyons: comparison with experimental data

BONAMENTE, EMANUELE;ROSSI, Federico;COCCIA, VALENTINA;PISELLO, ANNA LAURA;NICOLINI, ANDREA;CASTELLANI, BEATRICE;COTANA, Franco;FILIPPONI, MIRKO;MORINI, ELENA;
2013-01-01

Abstract

The climate of high-density urban areas is often affected by the air temperature increase with respect to the neighbouring country-side. This phenomenon, known as the urban heat Island (UHI) effect, is strongly influenced by the solar reflectance of building envelope and coating materials, and it is enhanced in the presence of built patterns that trap the solar and anthropogenic energy, usually referred to as urban heat canyons. An original method to quantify the urban heat canyon effect as a function of meteorological conditions, geometry, and surface properties is proposed. The goal is to provide a reliable tool to estimate the effect of the reflective properties of the canyon surfaces on the urban environment, in order to guide the choice of effective solution towards the UHI mitigation. An energy-balanced analytic model, specifically set-up to predict surface temperatures inside an urban canyon, is applied to a scale test facility located at the University of Perugia, Italy. The test facility is made of two twin arrays resembling urban canyons with different aspect ratios. Each canyon can be equipped with reflective films to quantify the radiative exchange variation. Preliminary results from the experimental facility monitoring and the analytic model validation are presented.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1169279
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