Water is a strong self-associated liquid with peculiar properties that crucially depend on H-bonding. As regards its molecular dynamics, only recently has water reorientation been successfully described based on a jump mechanism, which is responsible for the overall H-bonding exchange. Here, using high-resolution broad-band depolarized light scattering, we have investigated the reorientational dynamics of formamide (FA) as a function of concentration from the neat liquid to diluted aqueous solutions. Our main findings indicate that in the diluted regime the water rearrangement can trigger the motion of FA solute molecules, which are forced to reorient at the same rate as water. This highlights an exceptional behavior of FA, which perfectly substitutes water within its network. Besides other fundamental implications connected with the relevance of FA, its water-like behavior provides rare experimental evidence of a solute whose dynamics is completely slaved to the solvent.

Water-like behaviour of formamide: jump reorientation probed by extended depolarized light scattering

L. Comez;P. Sassi;A. Morresi;D. Fioretto;M. Paolantoni
2018

Abstract

Water is a strong self-associated liquid with peculiar properties that crucially depend on H-bonding. As regards its molecular dynamics, only recently has water reorientation been successfully described based on a jump mechanism, which is responsible for the overall H-bonding exchange. Here, using high-resolution broad-band depolarized light scattering, we have investigated the reorientational dynamics of formamide (FA) as a function of concentration from the neat liquid to diluted aqueous solutions. Our main findings indicate that in the diluted regime the water rearrangement can trigger the motion of FA solute molecules, which are forced to reorient at the same rate as water. This highlights an exceptional behavior of FA, which perfectly substitutes water within its network. Besides other fundamental implications connected with the relevance of FA, its water-like behavior provides rare experimental evidence of a solute whose dynamics is completely slaved to the solvent.
2018
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1423499
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