The aim of this research activity was based on the revalorization of Amplodesmos mauritanicus (Diss), an African grass largely presented in the Algerian territory. Diss stems were selected as native botanic material for the extraction of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC). Two different pretreatment steps were carried out to extract CNC from Amplodesmos mauritanicus stems and the following acidic hydrolysis procedure allowed to extract/obtain cellulose nanocrystals in aqueous suspension. The effect of the two different pretreatments, based essentially on chemical or enzymatic treatments, were deeply investigated and the properties compared. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were considered for the characterization of raw material, chemical or enzymatic treated Diss stems and CNC extracted from both chemical and enzymatic pretreated cellulose.

Valorization and extraction of cellulose nanocrystals from North African grass: Ampelodesmos mauritanicus (Diss)

Luzi, F.
;
Puglia, D.;MAFFEI, Giovanni;LAVECCHIA, RAFFAELE;Kenny, J. M.;Torre, L.
2019

Abstract

The aim of this research activity was based on the revalorization of Amplodesmos mauritanicus (Diss), an African grass largely presented in the Algerian territory. Diss stems were selected as native botanic material for the extraction of cellulose nanocrystals (CNC). Two different pretreatment steps were carried out to extract CNC from Amplodesmos mauritanicus stems and the following acidic hydrolysis procedure allowed to extract/obtain cellulose nanocrystals in aqueous suspension. The effect of the two different pretreatments, based essentially on chemical or enzymatic treatments, were deeply investigated and the properties compared. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were considered for the characterization of raw material, chemical or enzymatic treated Diss stems and CNC extracted from both chemical and enzymatic pretreated cellulose.
2019
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Revalorization And Extraction Of Cellulose Nanocrystals From North.pdf

Open Access dal 01/01/2021

Tipologia di allegato: Post-print
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 1.25 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
1.25 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1448290
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 10
  • Scopus 75
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 71
social impact