Selenium (Se) displays antioxidant properties that can be exploited, in plants, to counteract abiotic stresses caused by overly-produced reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we show that fertigation of maize crops with sodium selenate effectively protects pollen against oxidative stress. Pollen isolated from Se-treated plants (Se1) and untreated controls (Se0) was incubated in vitro with H2O2 to produce oxidative challenge. Given the impact of ROS on Ca2+ homeostasis and Ca2+-dependent signaling, cytosolic Ca2+ was measured to monitor cellular perturbations. We found that H2O2 disrupted Ca2+ homeostasis in Se0 pollen only, while Se1 samples were preserved. The same trend was observed when Se0 samples were treated with sodium selenate or Se-methionine, which recapitulated in vitro the protective capacity of Se-fertigation. Furthermore, we found that germination rates were much better retained in Se1 as compared to Se0 (46% vs 8%, respectively) after exposure to 20 mM H2O2. The same was observed with Se0 pollen treated with Se-methionine, which is the organic form of Se into which most fertigated sodium selenate converts in the plant. These results, together, show a close correlation between ROS, Ca2+ homeostasis and pollen fertility, and provide strong evidence that Se-fertigation is an excellent approach to preserve or enhance agricultural productivity.

Selenium maintains cytosolic Ca2+ homeostasis and preserves germination rates of maize pollen under H2O2 -induced oxidative stress

Del Pino, Alberto Marco
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Guiducci, Marcello
Writing – Review & Editing
;
D’Amato, Roberto
Formal Analysis
;
Di Michele, Alessandro
Formal Analysis
;
Tosti, Giacomo
Investigation
;
Datti, Alessandro
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Palmerini, Carlo Alberto
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2019

Abstract

Selenium (Se) displays antioxidant properties that can be exploited, in plants, to counteract abiotic stresses caused by overly-produced reactive oxygen species (ROS). Here, we show that fertigation of maize crops with sodium selenate effectively protects pollen against oxidative stress. Pollen isolated from Se-treated plants (Se1) and untreated controls (Se0) was incubated in vitro with H2O2 to produce oxidative challenge. Given the impact of ROS on Ca2+ homeostasis and Ca2+-dependent signaling, cytosolic Ca2+ was measured to monitor cellular perturbations. We found that H2O2 disrupted Ca2+ homeostasis in Se0 pollen only, while Se1 samples were preserved. The same trend was observed when Se0 samples were treated with sodium selenate or Se-methionine, which recapitulated in vitro the protective capacity of Se-fertigation. Furthermore, we found that germination rates were much better retained in Se1 as compared to Se0 (46% vs 8%, respectively) after exposure to 20 mM H2O2. The same was observed with Se0 pollen treated with Se-methionine, which is the organic form of Se into which most fertigated sodium selenate converts in the plant. These results, together, show a close correlation between ROS, Ca2+ homeostasis and pollen fertility, and provide strong evidence that Se-fertigation is an excellent approach to preserve or enhance agricultural productivity.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1453540
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