Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is a universal water-soluble solvent widely used in many biotechnological and medical applications, such as cells cryopreservation, and for the treatment of different human diseases (e.g. amyloidosis). Despite the great number of reported studies, the effects of DMSO on the physico-chemical properties of biological membranes are poorly understood. Often, these studies are limited to model membranes composed of phosphatidylcholines (PCs) and cholesterol (Chol). In this work, we explored the effect of DMSO on liposomes composed of the natural egg sphingomyelin (ESM) and Chol as raft-like model membranes. With a multi-technique approach we probe the structure and the thermal stability of ESM/Chol bilayer at different Chol mole fractions. In particular, we investigate the ESM-solvent interactions to clarify the role of DMSO in perturbing the solvating conditions of lipid vesicles and show that the addition of DMSO increases the thermal stability of vesicles. An increase of transition temperature, a decrease of both enthalpy and entropy as well as a decrease of the cooperativity of the gel to liquid phase transition are observed at 0.1 DMSO mole fraction. Fluorescence experiments with the probe Laurdan and FTIR spectra strongly indicate that DMSO exerts a dehydration effect on the membrane. Besides, FTIR measurements with tungsten hexacarbonyl, in combination with fluorescence data of the probe NBD-PE, indicate that DMSO promotes the formation of a highly packed membrane by reducing the thickness of the membrane.

Solvation properties of raft-like model membranes

Beatrice Gironi;Marco Paolantoni;Assunta Morresi;Paola Sassi
2019

Abstract

Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is a universal water-soluble solvent widely used in many biotechnological and medical applications, such as cells cryopreservation, and for the treatment of different human diseases (e.g. amyloidosis). Despite the great number of reported studies, the effects of DMSO on the physico-chemical properties of biological membranes are poorly understood. Often, these studies are limited to model membranes composed of phosphatidylcholines (PCs) and cholesterol (Chol). In this work, we explored the effect of DMSO on liposomes composed of the natural egg sphingomyelin (ESM) and Chol as raft-like model membranes. With a multi-technique approach we probe the structure and the thermal stability of ESM/Chol bilayer at different Chol mole fractions. In particular, we investigate the ESM-solvent interactions to clarify the role of DMSO in perturbing the solvating conditions of lipid vesicles and show that the addition of DMSO increases the thermal stability of vesicles. An increase of transition temperature, a decrease of both enthalpy and entropy as well as a decrease of the cooperativity of the gel to liquid phase transition are observed at 0.1 DMSO mole fraction. Fluorescence experiments with the probe Laurdan and FTIR spectra strongly indicate that DMSO exerts a dehydration effect on the membrane. Besides, FTIR measurements with tungsten hexacarbonyl, in combination with fluorescence data of the probe NBD-PE, indicate that DMSO promotes the formation of a highly packed membrane by reducing the thickness of the membrane.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1453775
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