Background: Toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show higher prevalence and severity of Behavioral and Emotional Problems (BEP) than their peers without ASD. Aims: Investigating the effects of parental factors, i.e., mothers’ and fathers’ age and Sociocultural Level (Socioeconomic Status, Cultural Capital, and Social Capital), and individual factors, i.e., toddles’ age, birth order, general development, autism symptom severity, and adaptive behavior, on the expression of BEP in toddlers with ASD. Methods: Participants were 148 toddlers with ASD (aged 18–37 months) and both their parents. BEP were measured with the Child Behavior Checklist 1½-5 (CBCL) Syndrome and Pervasive developmental problems (PDD) DSM-oriented scales, general development with the Griffiths Mental Development Scales (GMDS), autism symptom severity with the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-2 (ADOS-2), and adaptive behavior with the Vineland-II Adaptive behavior composite. Results: Vineland-IIAdaptive behavior composite was negatively associated with the majority of the CBCL scales. In contrast, the ADOS-2 Restrictive and repetitive behavior was negatively and the ADOS-2 Social affect, toddlers’ age, and birth order were positively associated with only a few of the CBCL scales (e.g., PDD). GMDS scores were not associated with any CBCL scales. Mothers’ age and fathers’ Cultural Capital and Social Capital dimensions were negatively associated with specific CBCL scales, even when considered in addition to individuals’ factors. Conclusions: Individual and parental factors simultaneously affect the expression of BEP and should be considered for clinical decisions.

Behavioral and emotional problems of toddlers with autism spectrum disorder: Effects of parents’ sociocultural level and individual factors

Alice Bacherini;Giulia Balboni
2021

Abstract

Background: Toddlers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show higher prevalence and severity of Behavioral and Emotional Problems (BEP) than their peers without ASD. Aims: Investigating the effects of parental factors, i.e., mothers’ and fathers’ age and Sociocultural Level (Socioeconomic Status, Cultural Capital, and Social Capital), and individual factors, i.e., toddles’ age, birth order, general development, autism symptom severity, and adaptive behavior, on the expression of BEP in toddlers with ASD. Methods: Participants were 148 toddlers with ASD (aged 18–37 months) and both their parents. BEP were measured with the Child Behavior Checklist 1½-5 (CBCL) Syndrome and Pervasive developmental problems (PDD) DSM-oriented scales, general development with the Griffiths Mental Development Scales (GMDS), autism symptom severity with the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule-2 (ADOS-2), and adaptive behavior with the Vineland-II Adaptive behavior composite. Results: Vineland-IIAdaptive behavior composite was negatively associated with the majority of the CBCL scales. In contrast, the ADOS-2 Restrictive and repetitive behavior was negatively and the ADOS-2 Social affect, toddlers’ age, and birth order were positively associated with only a few of the CBCL scales (e.g., PDD). GMDS scores were not associated with any CBCL scales. Mothers’ age and fathers’ Cultural Capital and Social Capital dimensions were negatively associated with specific CBCL scales, even when considered in addition to individuals’ factors. Conclusions: Individual and parental factors simultaneously affect the expression of BEP and should be considered for clinical decisions.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1497623
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