Subsets of murine dendritic cells (DCs) from the spleen differ in their ability to induce proliferative responses in both primary and secondary CD4(+) T cells. Recent evidence indicates that lymphoid-related CD8(+) DCs fail to provide appropriate signals to freshly isolated secondary CD4(+) T cells to sustain their proliferation in vitro. In the present study, we examined peptide-pulsed CD8(-) and CD8(+) DCs for ability to stimulate Th1 and Th2 cell clones with the same Ag specificity. Defective ability to induce proliferation was selectively shown by CD8(+) DCs presenting Ag to the Th1 clone. The deficiency in CD8(+) DCs was overcome by CD40 triggering before peptide pulsing. When exposed to CD8(+) DCs in the absence of CD40 activation, the Th1 clone expressed low levels of CD40 ligand and high levels of surface CTLA-4. Neutralization of CTLA-4 during the DC/T cell coculture resulted in increased CD40 ligand expression and proliferation of T cells. Remarkably, the activation of CD40 on DCs under conditions that would increase Th1 cell proliferation, also resulted in down-regulation of surface CTLA-4. These results confirm differential effects of CD8(+) and CD8(-) DCs in the stimulation of Ag-primed Th cells. In addition, they suggest that reciprocal regulation of CD40 ligand and CTLA-4 expression occurs in Th1 cells exposed to CD8(+) DCs.

CD40 ligand and CTLA-4 are reciprocally regulated in the Th1 cell proliferative response sustained by CD8+ dendritic cells.

FALLARINO, Francesca;GROHMANN, Ursula;VACCA, Carmine;BIANCHI, Roberta;FIORETTI, Maria Cristina;PUCCETTI, Paolo
2002

Abstract

Subsets of murine dendritic cells (DCs) from the spleen differ in their ability to induce proliferative responses in both primary and secondary CD4(+) T cells. Recent evidence indicates that lymphoid-related CD8(+) DCs fail to provide appropriate signals to freshly isolated secondary CD4(+) T cells to sustain their proliferation in vitro. In the present study, we examined peptide-pulsed CD8(-) and CD8(+) DCs for ability to stimulate Th1 and Th2 cell clones with the same Ag specificity. Defective ability to induce proliferation was selectively shown by CD8(+) DCs presenting Ag to the Th1 clone. The deficiency in CD8(+) DCs was overcome by CD40 triggering before peptide pulsing. When exposed to CD8(+) DCs in the absence of CD40 activation, the Th1 clone expressed low levels of CD40 ligand and high levels of surface CTLA-4. Neutralization of CTLA-4 during the DC/T cell coculture resulted in increased CD40 ligand expression and proliferation of T cells. Remarkably, the activation of CD40 on DCs under conditions that would increase Th1 cell proliferation, also resulted in down-regulation of surface CTLA-4. These results confirm differential effects of CD8(+) and CD8(-) DCs in the stimulation of Ag-primed Th cells. In addition, they suggest that reciprocal regulation of CD40 ligand and CTLA-4 expression occurs in Th1 cells exposed to CD8(+) DCs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/152867
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