In temperate zones, fruit trees regulate their annual growth cycle to seasonal environmental changes. During the cold season, growth is limited by both environmental and genetic factors. After the exposure to low temperature and fulfillment of chilling requirements, mild temperatures promote the growth and flowering. However, an insufficient chilling exposure may lead to nonuniform blooming, with a negative impact on fruit set. To gain insights into flower development in the fruit tree buds, peach is an interesting model, the flower and vegetative bud being distinct organs. To understand how flower bud development is regulated, we integrated cytological observations and epigenetic and chromatin genome-wide data with transcriptional changes to identify the main regulatory factors involved in flower development during chilling accumulation. We demonstrated that growth cessation does not occur in peach flower buds during chilling accumulation, but that there are changes in transcript abundance of key genes of hormone metabolism and flower bud development, distribution of histone modifications (H3K4me3 and H3K27me3) and DNA methylation. Altogether, our findings indicate that during the cold season the flower bud is in a nondormant state and that the chilling experience allows flower differentiation to be completed.

Evidence of chromatin and transcriptional dynamics for cold development in peach flower bud

Marconi, Gianpiero;
2022

Abstract

In temperate zones, fruit trees regulate their annual growth cycle to seasonal environmental changes. During the cold season, growth is limited by both environmental and genetic factors. After the exposure to low temperature and fulfillment of chilling requirements, mild temperatures promote the growth and flowering. However, an insufficient chilling exposure may lead to nonuniform blooming, with a negative impact on fruit set. To gain insights into flower development in the fruit tree buds, peach is an interesting model, the flower and vegetative bud being distinct organs. To understand how flower bud development is regulated, we integrated cytological observations and epigenetic and chromatin genome-wide data with transcriptional changes to identify the main regulatory factors involved in flower development during chilling accumulation. We demonstrated that growth cessation does not occur in peach flower buds during chilling accumulation, but that there are changes in transcript abundance of key genes of hormone metabolism and flower bud development, distribution of histone modifications (H3K4me3 and H3K27me3) and DNA methylation. Altogether, our findings indicate that during the cold season the flower bud is in a nondormant state and that the chilling experience allows flower differentiation to be completed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11391/1532155
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