The novel Zr-IV-based perfluorinated metal-organic framework (PF-MOF) [Zr6O4(OH)(4)(TFS)(6)] (ZrTFS) was prepared under solvent-free conditions using the commercially available tetrafluorosuccinic acid (H2TFS) as a bridging ditopic linker. Since H2TFS can be seen as the fully aliphatic and perfluorinated C-4 analogue of fumaric acid, ZrTFS was found to be isoreticular to zirconium fumarate (MOF-801). The structure of ZrTFS was solved and refined from X-ray powder diffraction data. Despite this analogy, the gas adsorption capacity of ZrTFS is much lower than that of MOF-801; in the former, the presence of bulky fluorine atoms causes a considerable window size reduction. To have PF-MOFs with more accessible porosity, postsynthetic exchange (PSE) reactions on (defective) MOF-801 suspended in H2TFS aqueous solutions were carried out. Despite the different H2TFS concentrations used in the PSE process, the exchanges yielded two mixed-linker materials of similar minimal formulae [Zr6O4(mu(3)-OH)(4)(mu(1)-OH)(2.08)(H2O)(2.08)(FUM)(4.04)(HTFS)(1.84)] (PF-MOF1) and [Zr6O(4)(mu(3)-OH)(4)(mu(1)-OH)(1.83)(H2O)(1.83)(FUM)(4.04)(HTFS)(2.09)] (PF-MOF2) (FUM2- = fumarate), where the perfluorinated linker was found to fully replace the capping acetate in the defective sites of pristine MOF-801. CO2 and N-2 adsorption isotherms collected on all samples reveal that both CO2 thermodynamic affinity (isosteric heat of adsorption at zero coverage, Q(st)) and CO2/N-2 adsorption selectivity increase with the amount of incorporated TFS2-, reaching the maximum values of 30 kJ mol(-1) and 41 (IAST), respectively, in PF-MOF2. This confirms the beneficial effect coming from the introduction of fluorinated linkers in MOFs on their CO2 adsorption ability. Finally, solid-state density functional theory calculations were carried out to cast light on the structural features and on the thermodynamics of CO2 adsorption in MOF-801 and ZrTFS. Due to the difficulties in modeling a defective MOF, an intermediate structure containing both linkers in the framework was also designed. In this structure, the preferential CO2 adsorption site is the tetrahedral pore in the "UiO-66-like " structure. The extra energy stabilization stems from a hydrogen bond interaction between CO2 and a hydroxyl group on the inorganic cluster.

Increased CO2 Affinity and Adsorption Selectivity in MOF-801 Fluorinated Analogues

Venturi, Diletta Morelli;Bondi, Roberto;Mosconi, Edoardo;Taddei, Marco;Costantino, Ferdinando
2022

Abstract

The novel Zr-IV-based perfluorinated metal-organic framework (PF-MOF) [Zr6O4(OH)(4)(TFS)(6)] (ZrTFS) was prepared under solvent-free conditions using the commercially available tetrafluorosuccinic acid (H2TFS) as a bridging ditopic linker. Since H2TFS can be seen as the fully aliphatic and perfluorinated C-4 analogue of fumaric acid, ZrTFS was found to be isoreticular to zirconium fumarate (MOF-801). The structure of ZrTFS was solved and refined from X-ray powder diffraction data. Despite this analogy, the gas adsorption capacity of ZrTFS is much lower than that of MOF-801; in the former, the presence of bulky fluorine atoms causes a considerable window size reduction. To have PF-MOFs with more accessible porosity, postsynthetic exchange (PSE) reactions on (defective) MOF-801 suspended in H2TFS aqueous solutions were carried out. Despite the different H2TFS concentrations used in the PSE process, the exchanges yielded two mixed-linker materials of similar minimal formulae [Zr6O4(mu(3)-OH)(4)(mu(1)-OH)(2.08)(H2O)(2.08)(FUM)(4.04)(HTFS)(1.84)] (PF-MOF1) and [Zr6O(4)(mu(3)-OH)(4)(mu(1)-OH)(1.83)(H2O)(1.83)(FUM)(4.04)(HTFS)(2.09)] (PF-MOF2) (FUM2- = fumarate), where the perfluorinated linker was found to fully replace the capping acetate in the defective sites of pristine MOF-801. CO2 and N-2 adsorption isotherms collected on all samples reveal that both CO2 thermodynamic affinity (isosteric heat of adsorption at zero coverage, Q(st)) and CO2/N-2 adsorption selectivity increase with the amount of incorporated TFS2-, reaching the maximum values of 30 kJ mol(-1) and 41 (IAST), respectively, in PF-MOF2. This confirms the beneficial effect coming from the introduction of fluorinated linkers in MOFs on their CO2 adsorption ability. Finally, solid-state density functional theory calculations were carried out to cast light on the structural features and on the thermodynamics of CO2 adsorption in MOF-801 and ZrTFS. Due to the difficulties in modeling a defective MOF, an intermediate structure containing both linkers in the framework was also designed. In this structure, the preferential CO2 adsorption site is the tetrahedral pore in the "UiO-66-like " structure. The extra energy stabilization stems from a hydrogen bond interaction between CO2 and a hydroxyl group on the inorganic cluster.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1533894
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