Chromothripsis is a mitotic catastrophe that arises from multiple double strand breaks and incorrect re-joining of one or a few chromosomes. We report on incidence, distribution, and features of chromothriptic events in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALL). SNP array was performed in 103 T-ALL (39 ETP/near ETP, 59 non-ETP, and 5 with unknown stage of differentiation), including 38 children and 65 adults. Chromothripsis was detected in 11.6% of all T-ALL and occurred only in adult cases with an immature phenotype (12/39 cases; 30%). It affected 1 to 4 chromosomes, and recurrently involved chromosomes 1, 6, 7, and 17. Abnormalities of genes typically associated with T-ALL were found at breakpoints of chromothripsis. In addition, it gave rise to new/rare alterations, such as, the SFPQ::ZFP36L2 fusion, reported in pediatric T-ALL, deletions of putative suppressors, such as IKZF2 and CSMD1, and amplification of the BCL2 gene. Compared to negative cases, chromothripsis positive T-ALL had a significantly higher level of MYCN expression, and a significant downregulation of RGCC, which is typically induced by TP53 in response to DNA damage. Furthermore we identified mutations and/or deletions of DNA repair/genome stability genes in all cases, and an association with NUP214 rearrangements in 33% of cases.

Chromothripsis is a frequent event and underlies typical genetic changes in early T-cell precursor lymphoblastic leukemia in adults

Arniani S.;Pierini V.;Pellanera F.;Di Giacomo D.;Bardelli V.;Quintini M.;Mavridou E.;Lema Fernandez A. G.;Nardelli C.;Gorello P.;Crescenzi B.;Romoli S.;Beacci D.;Giglio F.;La Starza R.;Mecucci C.
2022

Abstract

Chromothripsis is a mitotic catastrophe that arises from multiple double strand breaks and incorrect re-joining of one or a few chromosomes. We report on incidence, distribution, and features of chromothriptic events in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALL). SNP array was performed in 103 T-ALL (39 ETP/near ETP, 59 non-ETP, and 5 with unknown stage of differentiation), including 38 children and 65 adults. Chromothripsis was detected in 11.6% of all T-ALL and occurred only in adult cases with an immature phenotype (12/39 cases; 30%). It affected 1 to 4 chromosomes, and recurrently involved chromosomes 1, 6, 7, and 17. Abnormalities of genes typically associated with T-ALL were found at breakpoints of chromothripsis. In addition, it gave rise to new/rare alterations, such as, the SFPQ::ZFP36L2 fusion, reported in pediatric T-ALL, deletions of putative suppressors, such as IKZF2 and CSMD1, and amplification of the BCL2 gene. Compared to negative cases, chromothripsis positive T-ALL had a significantly higher level of MYCN expression, and a significant downregulation of RGCC, which is typically induced by TP53 in response to DNA damage. Furthermore we identified mutations and/or deletions of DNA repair/genome stability genes in all cases, and an association with NUP214 rearrangements in 33% of cases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1534546
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