In the wake of previous works, the authors propose a new approach for the identification and evolution of the flame front in an optical SI engine. Currently, it is an essential prerogative to characterize the capability of innovative igniters to guarantee earlier flame development in critical operating conditions, such as ultra-lean mixture, towards which automotive research is moving to deal with the ever more stringent regulations on pollutant emissions. The core of the new approach lies in the R-CNN Mask method. The latter consists of a conceptually simple and general framework for object instance segmentation. It can efficiently detect objects contained in an image while simultaneously generating a high-quality segmentation mask for each instance. In particular, the aim this work is to develop an automatized algorithm for detecting, as objectively as possible, the flame front evolution of lean/ultra-lean mixtures ignited by low-temperature plasma-based ignition systems. The capability of the Mask R-CNN algorithm to automatically estimate the binarized area, without setting a defined binarized threshold, allows us to perform an analysis of the flame front evolution completely independent from the user interpretation. Mask R-CNN can detect the kernel in advance and can identify events as regular combustions instead of misfires or anomalies if compared to other traditional approaches. These features make the proposed method the most suitable option to analysis the real behavior of the innovative ignition systems at critical operating conditions.

Detecting the Flame Front Evolution in Spark-Ignition Engine under Lean Condition Using the Mask R-CNN Approach

Ricci, Federico;Martinelli, Roberto;Mariani, Francesco
2022-01-01

Abstract

In the wake of previous works, the authors propose a new approach for the identification and evolution of the flame front in an optical SI engine. Currently, it is an essential prerogative to characterize the capability of innovative igniters to guarantee earlier flame development in critical operating conditions, such as ultra-lean mixture, towards which automotive research is moving to deal with the ever more stringent regulations on pollutant emissions. The core of the new approach lies in the R-CNN Mask method. The latter consists of a conceptually simple and general framework for object instance segmentation. It can efficiently detect objects contained in an image while simultaneously generating a high-quality segmentation mask for each instance. In particular, the aim this work is to develop an automatized algorithm for detecting, as objectively as possible, the flame front evolution of lean/ultra-lean mixtures ignited by low-temperature plasma-based ignition systems. The capability of the Mask R-CNN algorithm to automatically estimate the binarized area, without setting a defined binarized threshold, allows us to perform an analysis of the flame front evolution completely independent from the user interpretation. Mask R-CNN can detect the kernel in advance and can identify events as regular combustions instead of misfires or anomalies if compared to other traditional approaches. These features make the proposed method the most suitable option to analysis the real behavior of the innovative ignition systems at critical operating conditions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1537013
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