: Inflammation is a key pathological driver in cystic fibrosis (CF). Current therapies are ineffective in treating and preventing the escalation of inflammatory events often exacerbated by superimposed infection. In this work, we propose a novel treatment based on the pulmonary administration of anakinra, a non-glycosylated recombinant form of IL-1Ra. An inhalable dry powder of anakinra was successfully developed to meet the specific needs of lung drug delivery. The new formulation was investigated in vitro for aerodynamic performances and activity and in vivo for its pharmacological profile, including the pharmacokinetics, treatment schedule, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activity and systemic toxicity. The protein was structurally preserved inside the formulation and retained its pharmacological activity in vitro immediately after preparation and over time when stored at ambient conditions. Anakinra when delivered to the lungs showed an improved and extended therapeutic efficacy in CF models in vivo as well as higher potency compared to systemic delivery. Peripheral side effects were significantly reduced and correlated with lower serum levels compared to systemic treatment. These findings provide proof-of-concept demonstration for anakinra repurposing in CF through the pulmonary route.

Pulmonary drug delivery technology enables anakinra repurposing in cystic fibrosis

Puccetti, Matteo;Pariano, Marilena;Stincardini, Claudia;Wojtylo, Paulina;Schoubben, Aurelie
;
Nunzi, Emilia;Ricci, Maurizio;Romani, Luigina;Giovagnoli, Stefano
2022-01-01

Abstract

: Inflammation is a key pathological driver in cystic fibrosis (CF). Current therapies are ineffective in treating and preventing the escalation of inflammatory events often exacerbated by superimposed infection. In this work, we propose a novel treatment based on the pulmonary administration of anakinra, a non-glycosylated recombinant form of IL-1Ra. An inhalable dry powder of anakinra was successfully developed to meet the specific needs of lung drug delivery. The new formulation was investigated in vitro for aerodynamic performances and activity and in vivo for its pharmacological profile, including the pharmacokinetics, treatment schedule, antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activity and systemic toxicity. The protein was structurally preserved inside the formulation and retained its pharmacological activity in vitro immediately after preparation and over time when stored at ambient conditions. Anakinra when delivered to the lungs showed an improved and extended therapeutic efficacy in CF models in vivo as well as higher potency compared to systemic delivery. Peripheral side effects were significantly reduced and correlated with lower serum levels compared to systemic treatment. These findings provide proof-of-concept demonstration for anakinra repurposing in CF through the pulmonary route.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1538094
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