A multiple heart-cutting (mLC-LC) two-dimensional HPLC-UV achiral–chiral method for the direct analysis of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) in food supplements under environmentally friendly conditions was developed to cope with the very well-known limited chemoselectivity of chromatographic media for enantioselective analysis. Both achiral and chiral methods were developed in compliance with the main principles of green chromatography. The achiral analysis was performed isocratically with an optimized ion-pair reversed-phase (IP-RP) method based on a water/EtOH (95:5, v/v) mobile phase containing heptafluorobutyric acid (7 mM) as the IP agent. The achiral method was characterized by a very appreciable performance and was validated before the analysis of the real sample. High recovery values for all compounds (from 97% to 101%) were found in the interday evaluation. Additionally, low RSD% values in the long-term period were measured, in the range between 1.1% and 4.8%. Still, an LOQ value of 0.06 mg/mL was established for all compounds. The quantitative analysis of a commercial food supplement revealed that BCAAs were present in amounts very close to those declared by the producer. The enantioselective analysis was carried out through the application of the chiral ligand-exchange chromatography (CLEC) approach, using O-benzyl-(S)-serine ((S)-OBS, 0.5 mM) as the chiral selector and Cu(II) nitrate (0.25 mM) as the metal source in the eluent. Resolution and separation factor values up to 2.31 and 1.43, respectively, were obtained. The two chromatographic systems were connected through a six-port switching valve, and the developed two-dimensional mLC-LC method confirmed the absence of D-enantiomers of BCAAs in the food supplement, as reported in the manufacturer’s label.

Multiple Heart-Cutting Two-Dimensional HPLC-UV Achiral–Chiral Analysis of Branched-Chain Amino Acids in Food Supplements under Environmentally Friendly Conditions

Varfaj I.;Ianni F.;Carotti A.;Cossignani L.;Galarini R.;Sardella R.
2023

Abstract

A multiple heart-cutting (mLC-LC) two-dimensional HPLC-UV achiral–chiral method for the direct analysis of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) in food supplements under environmentally friendly conditions was developed to cope with the very well-known limited chemoselectivity of chromatographic media for enantioselective analysis. Both achiral and chiral methods were developed in compliance with the main principles of green chromatography. The achiral analysis was performed isocratically with an optimized ion-pair reversed-phase (IP-RP) method based on a water/EtOH (95:5, v/v) mobile phase containing heptafluorobutyric acid (7 mM) as the IP agent. The achiral method was characterized by a very appreciable performance and was validated before the analysis of the real sample. High recovery values for all compounds (from 97% to 101%) were found in the interday evaluation. Additionally, low RSD% values in the long-term period were measured, in the range between 1.1% and 4.8%. Still, an LOQ value of 0.06 mg/mL was established for all compounds. The quantitative analysis of a commercial food supplement revealed that BCAAs were present in amounts very close to those declared by the producer. The enantioselective analysis was carried out through the application of the chiral ligand-exchange chromatography (CLEC) approach, using O-benzyl-(S)-serine ((S)-OBS, 0.5 mM) as the chiral selector and Cu(II) nitrate (0.25 mM) as the metal source in the eluent. Resolution and separation factor values up to 2.31 and 1.43, respectively, were obtained. The two chromatographic systems were connected through a six-port switching valve, and the developed two-dimensional mLC-LC method confirmed the absence of D-enantiomers of BCAAs in the food supplement, as reported in the manufacturer’s label.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1540555
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