Purpose: This is a single arm phase 2 trial (Clinical trials.gov NCT05291780) to assess local control (LC) and safety of SAbR in patients with unresectable locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC) unfit for concurrent chemo-radiation therapy (ChT-RT). Methods: Neoadjuvant ChT was prescribed in fit patients. The tumor volume included primary tumor and any regionally positive node/s. The coprimary study endpoints were LC and safety. Results: Between December 31, 2015, and December 31, 2020, 50 patients with LA-NSCLC were enrolled. Histology was squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma (ADC) in 52% and 48%, respectively. Forty (80%) patients had ultracentral tumor. Twenty-seven (54%) received neoadjuvant ChT and 7 (14%) adjuvant durvalumab. Median prescribed dose was 45 Gy (range, 35-55) and 40 Gy (35-45) in 5 daily fractions to tumor and node/s, respectively. After a median follow-up of 38 months (range, 12-80), 19 (38%) patients had experienced local recurrence (LR) at a median time of 13 months (range, 7-34). The median LR-free survival (FS) was not reached (95% confidence interval [CI], 28 to not reached). The 1-, 2-, and 3-year LR-FS rates were 86% ± 5%, 66% ± 7%, and 56% ± 8%, respectively. At last follow-up, 33 (66%) patients were alive. Median overall survival (OS) was 55 months (95% CI, 43-55 months). The 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates were 94% ± 3%, 79% ± 6%, and 72% ± 7%, respectively. No patients developed ≥ grade (G) 3 toxicity. ADC (hazard ratio [HR], 3.61; 95% CI, 1.15-11.35) was a significant predictor of better LC, while OS was significantly conditioned by smaller planning target volumes (HR, 1.004; 95% CI, 1.001-1.010) and tumor, node, and metastasis stage (HR, 4.8; 95% CI, 1.34-17). Conclusions: Patients with LA-NSCLC treated with SABR had optimal LC and promising OS in absence of ≥G3 toxicity. Our early outcomes would suggest the feasibility of using this approach in patients with LA-NSCLC unfit for concurrent ChT-RT.

STereotactic Ablative RadioTherapy in NEWly Diagnosed and Recurrent Locally Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Unfit for ConcurrEnt RAdio-Chemotherapy: Early Analysis of the START-NEW-ERA Non-Randomised Phase II Trial

Arcidiacono F.;Anselmo P.;Casale M.;Zannori C.;Ragusa M.;Loreti F.;Bracarda S.;Maranzano E.;
2023

Abstract

Purpose: This is a single arm phase 2 trial (Clinical trials.gov NCT05291780) to assess local control (LC) and safety of SAbR in patients with unresectable locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC) unfit for concurrent chemo-radiation therapy (ChT-RT). Methods: Neoadjuvant ChT was prescribed in fit patients. The tumor volume included primary tumor and any regionally positive node/s. The coprimary study endpoints were LC and safety. Results: Between December 31, 2015, and December 31, 2020, 50 patients with LA-NSCLC were enrolled. Histology was squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma (ADC) in 52% and 48%, respectively. Forty (80%) patients had ultracentral tumor. Twenty-seven (54%) received neoadjuvant ChT and 7 (14%) adjuvant durvalumab. Median prescribed dose was 45 Gy (range, 35-55) and 40 Gy (35-45) in 5 daily fractions to tumor and node/s, respectively. After a median follow-up of 38 months (range, 12-80), 19 (38%) patients had experienced local recurrence (LR) at a median time of 13 months (range, 7-34). The median LR-free survival (FS) was not reached (95% confidence interval [CI], 28 to not reached). The 1-, 2-, and 3-year LR-FS rates were 86% ± 5%, 66% ± 7%, and 56% ± 8%, respectively. At last follow-up, 33 (66%) patients were alive. Median overall survival (OS) was 55 months (95% CI, 43-55 months). The 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates were 94% ± 3%, 79% ± 6%, and 72% ± 7%, respectively. No patients developed ≥ grade (G) 3 toxicity. ADC (hazard ratio [HR], 3.61; 95% CI, 1.15-11.35) was a significant predictor of better LC, while OS was significantly conditioned by smaller planning target volumes (HR, 1.004; 95% CI, 1.001-1.010) and tumor, node, and metastasis stage (HR, 4.8; 95% CI, 1.34-17). Conclusions: Patients with LA-NSCLC treated with SABR had optimal LC and promising OS in absence of ≥G3 toxicity. Our early outcomes would suggest the feasibility of using this approach in patients with LA-NSCLC unfit for concurrent ChT-RT.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1541718
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact