The entropy is a measure of uncertainty that plays a central role in information theory. When the distribution of the data is unknown, an estimate of the entropy needs to be obtained from the data sample itself. A semi-parametric estimate is proposed based on a mixture model approximation of the distribution of interest. A Gaussian mixture model is used to illustrate the accuracy and versatility of the proposal, although the estimate can rely on any type of mixture. Performance of the proposed approach is assessed through a series of simulation studies. Two real-life data examples are also provided to illustrate its use. (C) 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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