Based on gene expression profiles, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is subdivided into germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) and activated B-cell-like (ABC) DLBCL. Two of the most common genomic aberrations in ABC-DLBCL are mutations in MYD88 as well as BCL2 copy-number gains. Here, we employ immune phenotyping, RNA sequencing, and wholeexome sequencing to characterize a Myd88- and BCL2-driven mouse model of ABC-DLBCL. We show that this model resembles features of human ABC-DLBCL. We further demonstrate an actionable dependence of our murine ABC-DLBCL model on BCL2. This BCL2 dependence was also detectable in human ABC-DLBCL cell lines. Moreover, human ABC-DLBCLs displayed increased PD-L1 expression compared with GCB-DLBCL. In vivo experiments in our ABC-DLBCL model showed that combined venetoclax and PD-1 blockade significantly increased the overall survival of lymphoma-bearing animals, indicating that this combination may be a viable option for selected human ABC-DLBCL cases harboring MYD88 and BCL2 aberrations.SIGNIFICANCE: Oncogenic Myd88 and BCL2 cooperate in murine DLBCL lymphomagenesis. The resulting lymphomas display morphologic and transcriptomic features reminiscent of human ABC-DLBCL. Data derived from our Myd88/BCL2-driven autochthonous model demonstrate that combined BCL2 and PD-1 blockade displays substantial preclinical antilymphoma activity, providing preclinical proof-of-concept data, which pave the way for clinical translation.

An Autochthonous Mouse Model of Myd88- and BCL2-Driven Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma Reveals Actionable Molecular Vulnerabilities

Pasqualucci, Laura
Investigation
;
2021

Abstract

Based on gene expression profiles, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is subdivided into germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) and activated B-cell-like (ABC) DLBCL. Two of the most common genomic aberrations in ABC-DLBCL are mutations in MYD88 as well as BCL2 copy-number gains. Here, we employ immune phenotyping, RNA sequencing, and wholeexome sequencing to characterize a Myd88- and BCL2-driven mouse model of ABC-DLBCL. We show that this model resembles features of human ABC-DLBCL. We further demonstrate an actionable dependence of our murine ABC-DLBCL model on BCL2. This BCL2 dependence was also detectable in human ABC-DLBCL cell lines. Moreover, human ABC-DLBCLs displayed increased PD-L1 expression compared with GCB-DLBCL. In vivo experiments in our ABC-DLBCL model showed that combined venetoclax and PD-1 blockade significantly increased the overall survival of lymphoma-bearing animals, indicating that this combination may be a viable option for selected human ABC-DLBCL cases harboring MYD88 and BCL2 aberrations.SIGNIFICANCE: Oncogenic Myd88 and BCL2 cooperate in murine DLBCL lymphomagenesis. The resulting lymphomas display morphologic and transcriptomic features reminiscent of human ABC-DLBCL. Data derived from our Myd88/BCL2-driven autochthonous model demonstrate that combined BCL2 and PD-1 blockade displays substantial preclinical antilymphoma activity, providing preclinical proof-of-concept data, which pave the way for clinical translation.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1566617
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