Anticoagulant treatment in patients with primary and metastatic brain cancer is a concern due to risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the risk of ICH in patients with primary or metastatic brain cancer treated with or without anticoagulants. Articles on ICH in patients with primary or metastatic brain cancer treated with or without anticoagulants published up to September 2021 were identified by searching PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases. The primary outcome of this analysis was ICH. Thirty studies were included. Rate of ICH was 13.0% in 1009 patients with metastatic brain cancer and 6.4% in 2353 patients with primary brain cancer (relative risk [RR], 3.26; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.69-3.94; I2 5 92.8%). In patients with primary brain cancer, ICH occurred in 12.5% and 4.4% of patients treated with or without anticoagulants, respectively (11 studies, 659 treated and 1346 not treated patients; RR, 2.63; 95% CI, 1.48-4.67; I2 5 49.6%). In patients with metastatic brain cancer, ICH occurred in 14.7% and 15.4% (5 studies, 265 treated and 301 not treated patients; RR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.43-1.93; I2 5 0%). ICH occurred in 8.3% of 172 treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) and in 11.7% of 278 treated with low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) (5 studies; RR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.25-0.79; I2 5 0%). Patients with metastatic brain cancer have a particularly high risk of ICH. Patients with primary brain cancer have an increased risk of ICH during anticoagulation. DOACs are associated with a lower risk of ICH than LMWH.

ICH in primary or metastatic brain cancer patients with or without anticoagulant treatment: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Giustozzi M.;Becattini C.;Roila F.;Mandala' M.
2022

Abstract

Anticoagulant treatment in patients with primary and metastatic brain cancer is a concern due to risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the risk of ICH in patients with primary or metastatic brain cancer treated with or without anticoagulants. Articles on ICH in patients with primary or metastatic brain cancer treated with or without anticoagulants published up to September 2021 were identified by searching PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases. The primary outcome of this analysis was ICH. Thirty studies were included. Rate of ICH was 13.0% in 1009 patients with metastatic brain cancer and 6.4% in 2353 patients with primary brain cancer (relative risk [RR], 3.26; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.69-3.94; I2 5 92.8%). In patients with primary brain cancer, ICH occurred in 12.5% and 4.4% of patients treated with or without anticoagulants, respectively (11 studies, 659 treated and 1346 not treated patients; RR, 2.63; 95% CI, 1.48-4.67; I2 5 49.6%). In patients with metastatic brain cancer, ICH occurred in 14.7% and 15.4% (5 studies, 265 treated and 301 not treated patients; RR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.43-1.93; I2 5 0%). ICH occurred in 8.3% of 172 treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) and in 11.7% of 278 treated with low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) (5 studies; RR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.25-0.79; I2 5 0%). Patients with metastatic brain cancer have a particularly high risk of ICH. Patients with primary brain cancer have an increased risk of ICH during anticoagulation. DOACs are associated with a lower risk of ICH than LMWH.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1566857
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