Previously tumorigenic P815 tumor cells are rejected by histocompatible mice after transfection with a mutated retroviral gene, and the host is made resistant to subsequent challenge with tumorigenic (control) cells transfected with the nonmutated sequence. To functionally characterize the class I-restricted response to the tumor cell vaccine, we have assessed the in vitro (by CD8+ cells) and in vivo production of type 1 or type 2 cytokines in mice injected with either type of transfected P815 derivative. IL-12 and IL-10 were selectively or preferentially expressed by the regressor mice, and this correlated with the detection of functional type 1 reactivity in vivo (i.e., delayed-type hypersensitivity). Other cytokines were produced by the regressor mice only in vitro (IFN-gamma) or were not detected at all with either type of tumor recipient (IL-4). By means of monoclonal antibody-mediated neutralization or enhancement of endogenous cytokine levels, IL-10 was found to serve an important role in the growth and rejection patterns of the transfected P815 derivatives. In addition to previous evidence for an IL-12 requirement in promoting anti-P815 reactivity, these data establish IL-10 as an important cytokine in permitting optimal expression of this reactivity, which apparently develops in the absence of a strong bias toward a type 1 or type 2 cytokine response.

Circulating levels of IL-10 are critically related to growth and rejection patterns of murine mastocytoma cells.

GROHMANN, Ursula;BELLADONNA, Maria Laura;BIANCHI, Roberta;ORABONA, Ciriana;PUCCETTI, Paolo;FIORETTI, Maria Cristina
1997-01-01

Abstract

Previously tumorigenic P815 tumor cells are rejected by histocompatible mice after transfection with a mutated retroviral gene, and the host is made resistant to subsequent challenge with tumorigenic (control) cells transfected with the nonmutated sequence. To functionally characterize the class I-restricted response to the tumor cell vaccine, we have assessed the in vitro (by CD8+ cells) and in vivo production of type 1 or type 2 cytokines in mice injected with either type of transfected P815 derivative. IL-12 and IL-10 were selectively or preferentially expressed by the regressor mice, and this correlated with the detection of functional type 1 reactivity in vivo (i.e., delayed-type hypersensitivity). Other cytokines were produced by the regressor mice only in vitro (IFN-gamma) or were not detected at all with either type of tumor recipient (IL-4). By means of monoclonal antibody-mediated neutralization or enhancement of endogenous cytokine levels, IL-10 was found to serve an important role in the growth and rejection patterns of the transfected P815 derivatives. In addition to previous evidence for an IL-12 requirement in promoting anti-P815 reactivity, these data establish IL-10 as an important cytokine in permitting optimal expression of this reactivity, which apparently develops in the absence of a strong bias toward a type 1 or type 2 cytokine response.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/920406
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