Strong immunogenicity is induced by antitumor triazene compounds in tumor cells through a mutagenic mechanism. A highly immunogenic <<D>> clone, isolated from a dacarbazine-treated L5178Y leukemia of DBA/2 mice, was transfected with K-ras mutated at codon 12 (i.e. ras(m12)). This transfected clone presents at least 2 mutations, one concerning K-ras gene, and the other affecting an unrelated gene, responsible for the generation of a highly immunogenic, MHC class I restricted non-self peptide. The results indicate that cells of <<D>> clone transfected with ras(m12) were less immunogenic than cells of the same origin transfected with the vector alone. Moreover, ras(m12)-transfected cells showed lower levels of H-2K(d) gene expression with respect to those detectable in control cells. In addition, in vivo and in vitro sensitization against <<D>> clone carrying mutated ras did not result in a strong cytotoxic T lymphocyte response against ras(m12)-transfected non immunogenic L5178y target cells. These preliminary results suggest that K-ras mutation could down-regulate the level of tumor immunogenicity, possibly acquired through a mutagenic process affecting other unrelated genes.
Dacarbazine-induced immunogenicity of a murine leukemia is attenuated in cells transfected with mutated K-ras gene.
AbstractStrong immunogenicity is induced by antitumor triazene compounds in tumor cells through a mutagenic mechanism. A highly immunogenic <
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