To determine whether a novel pattern of lymphokine production might be involved in the superior immunogenicity of chemically xenogenized tumors over that of parental cells, we tested a panel of murine tumors xenogenized by DTIC for production of soluble factors with lymphokine-like activity and induction of lymphokine release from naïve or specifically sensitized lymphocytes. In the L5178Y tumor system, a majority of xenogenized but not parental clones produced an IL-1-like factor, and this was associated, as a rule, with class II antigen expression and antigen-presenting ability. However, no such properties were exhibited by the xenogenized variants of P815 and L1210Ha cells, which nevertheless occasionally expressed other lymphokine (GM-CSF, IL-3) activities. On examining the ability of xenogenized and parental tumors to cause release of IL-1, IL-2, IL-3, IFN-gamma, TNF/LT and GM-CSF from T-cells, we found, as a rule, an increased lymphokine production when lymphocytes primed in vivo to a xenogenized tumor were restimulated in vitro with the same or parental cells.
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