Short synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) rich in CpG or GpG motifs have been considered as potential modulators of immunity in clinical settings. In this study, we show that a synthetic GpC-ODN conferred highly suppressive activity on mouse splenic plasmacytoid dendritic cells, demonstrable in vivo in a skin test assay. The underlying mechanism involved signaling by noncanonical NF-κB family members and TGF-β-dependent expression of the immunoregulatory enzyme IDO. Unlike CpG-ODNs, the effects of GpC-ODN required TLR7/TRIF-mediated but not TLR9/MyD88-mediated events, as do sensing of viral ssRNA and the drug imiquimod. Induction of IDO by a GpC-containing ODN could also be demonstrated in human dendritic cells, allowing those cells to assist FOXP3(+) T cell generation in vitro. Among potentially therapeutic ODNs, this study identifies GpC-rich sequences as novel activators of TLR7-mediated, IDO-dependent regulatory responses.

A GpC-Rich Oligonucleotide Acts on Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells To Promote Immune Suppression.

VOLPI, CLAUDIA;FALLARINO, Francesca;BIANCHI, Roberta;ORABONA, Ciriana;DE LUCA, ANTONELLA;VACCA, Carmine;ROMANI, Luigina;GROHMANN, Ursula;PUCCETTI, Paolo;BELLADONNA, Maria Laura
2012-01-01

Abstract

Short synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) rich in CpG or GpG motifs have been considered as potential modulators of immunity in clinical settings. In this study, we show that a synthetic GpC-ODN conferred highly suppressive activity on mouse splenic plasmacytoid dendritic cells, demonstrable in vivo in a skin test assay. The underlying mechanism involved signaling by noncanonical NF-κB family members and TGF-β-dependent expression of the immunoregulatory enzyme IDO. Unlike CpG-ODNs, the effects of GpC-ODN required TLR7/TRIF-mediated but not TLR9/MyD88-mediated events, as do sensing of viral ssRNA and the drug imiquimod. Induction of IDO by a GpC-containing ODN could also be demonstrated in human dendritic cells, allowing those cells to assist FOXP3(+) T cell generation in vitro. Among potentially therapeutic ODNs, this study identifies GpC-rich sequences as novel activators of TLR7-mediated, IDO-dependent regulatory responses.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/940581
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