Phenols, present in the Mediterranean diet, have antioxidant properties and are free radical scavengers; however, the molecular mechanisms of their beneficial effects are not yet fully understood. The level of cytosolic calcium ([Ca2+]i) is an important signal also in nonexcitable cells, including immune cells, and regulates fundamental processes. In this paper, we determine [Ca2+]i in human lymphomonocytes incubated with two olive oil phenols: 3,4-(dihydroxyphenyl)ethanol and p-(hydroxyphenyl)ethanol. Both tested phenols increase [Ca2+]i in a dose-dependent way. This effect is antagonized by nifedipine and is noticeable both in the presence and in the absence of calcium in the extracellular medium.

Activity of olive oil phenols on lymphomonocyte cytosolic calcium

PALMERINI, Carlo Alberto;SERVILI, Maurizio;SACCARDI, Carla;MONTEDORO, Gian Francesco;ARIENTI, Giuseppe
2005

Abstract

Phenols, present in the Mediterranean diet, have antioxidant properties and are free radical scavengers; however, the molecular mechanisms of their beneficial effects are not yet fully understood. The level of cytosolic calcium ([Ca2+]i) is an important signal also in nonexcitable cells, including immune cells, and regulates fundamental processes. In this paper, we determine [Ca2+]i in human lymphomonocytes incubated with two olive oil phenols: 3,4-(dihydroxyphenyl)ethanol and p-(hydroxyphenyl)ethanol. Both tested phenols increase [Ca2+]i in a dose-dependent way. This effect is antagonized by nifedipine and is noticeable both in the presence and in the absence of calcium in the extracellular medium.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/151099
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