: The progressive myoclonus epilepsies (PMEs) are a heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders, typically presenting in late childhood. An etiologic diagnosis is achieved in about 80% of patients with PME, and genome-wide molecular studies on remaining, well-selected, undiagnosed cases can further dissect the underlying genetic heterogeneity. Through whole-exome sequencing (WES), we identified pathogenic truncating variants in the IRF2BPL gene in two, unrelated patients presenting with PME. IRF2BPL belongs to the transcriptional regulators family and it is expressed in multiple human tissues, including the brain. Recently missense and nonsense mutations in IRF2BPL were found in patients presenting with developmental delay and epileptic encephalopathy, ataxia, and movement disorders, but none with clear PME. We identified 13 other patients in the literature with myoclonic seizures and IRF2BPL variants. There was no clear genotype-phenotype correlation. With the description of these cases, the IRF2BPL gene should be considered in the list of genes to be tested in the presence of PME, in addition to patients with neurodevelopmental or movement disorders.
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