The effect of dietary supplementation with flax and alfalfa sprouts (40 g/d) on bioactive compounds and cholesterol contents of hen’s egg was examined. Thirty White Leghorn hens, 26 weeks of age, were fed, for 66 days, three diets that included control (standard diet – C), standard diet + alfalfa sprouts (A), and standard diet + flax sprouts (F). Productive performance of hens was recorded daily. The cholesterol content of plasma and yolk, and the presence of bioactive compounds in the egg, were also analysed. Supplementation of flax and alfalfa sprouts reduced plasma and egg cholesterol probably due to the synergy between different compounds of the sprouts (polyunsaturated fatty acids - PUFAs, lignans, isoflavones and sterols). Eggs from A and F groups also had higher contents of n-3 PUFA, vitamins (α- tocopherol, α-, γ-tocotrienol, retinol), carotenes (β-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin) and phytoestrogens (daidzein, equol, isolariciresinol) than eggs from the C group.

Alfalfa and flax sprouts supplementation enriches the content of bioactive compounds and lowers the cholesterol in hen egg

MATTIOLI, SIMONA;DAL BOSCO, Alessandro;MARTINO, MELANIA;RUGGERI, SILVIA;MARCONI, Ombretta;SILEONI, VALERIA;FALCINELLI, BEATRICE;CASTELLINI, Cesare;BENINCASA, Paolo
2016

Abstract

The effect of dietary supplementation with flax and alfalfa sprouts (40 g/d) on bioactive compounds and cholesterol contents of hen’s egg was examined. Thirty White Leghorn hens, 26 weeks of age, were fed, for 66 days, three diets that included control (standard diet – C), standard diet + alfalfa sprouts (A), and standard diet + flax sprouts (F). Productive performance of hens was recorded daily. The cholesterol content of plasma and yolk, and the presence of bioactive compounds in the egg, were also analysed. Supplementation of flax and alfalfa sprouts reduced plasma and egg cholesterol probably due to the synergy between different compounds of the sprouts (polyunsaturated fatty acids - PUFAs, lignans, isoflavones and sterols). Eggs from A and F groups also had higher contents of n-3 PUFA, vitamins (α- tocopherol, α-, γ-tocotrienol, retinol), carotenes (β-carotene, lutein, zeaxanthin) and phytoestrogens (daidzein, equol, isolariciresinol) than eggs from the C group.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1390098
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 36
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 37
social impact