Bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents has become an increasingly serious health problem in recent years. Among the strategies by which resistance can be achieved, overexpression of efflux pumps such as NorA of S. aureus leads to a sub-lethal concentration of the antibacterial at the active site that in turn may predispose the organism to the development of high-level target-based resistance. With the aim to improve both the chemical stability and the potency of our previously reported 3-phenyl-1,4-benzothiazine NorA inhibitors, we replaced the benzothiazine core with different nuclei. None of the new synthesized compounds showed any appreciable intrinsic antibacterial activity and, in particular, the 2-phenylquinoline 6c was able to reduce, in a concentration-dependent manner, the ciprofloxacin MIC against the norA-overexpressing strains S. aureus SA-K2378 (norA++) and SA-1199B (norA+/ A116E GrlA).

Searching for Novel Inhibitors of the S. aureus NorA Efflux Pump: Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of the 3-Phenyl-1,4-benzothiazine Analogues

FELICETTI, TOMMASO;CANNALIRE, ROLANDO;BURALI, MARIA SOLE;MASSARI, SERENA;MANFRONI, GIUSEPPE;BARRECA, MARIA LETIZIA;TABARRINI, Oriana;SABATINI, Stefano
;
CECCHETTI, Violetta
2017

Abstract

Bacterial resistance to antimicrobial agents has become an increasingly serious health problem in recent years. Among the strategies by which resistance can be achieved, overexpression of efflux pumps such as NorA of S. aureus leads to a sub-lethal concentration of the antibacterial at the active site that in turn may predispose the organism to the development of high-level target-based resistance. With the aim to improve both the chemical stability and the potency of our previously reported 3-phenyl-1,4-benzothiazine NorA inhibitors, we replaced the benzothiazine core with different nuclei. None of the new synthesized compounds showed any appreciable intrinsic antibacterial activity and, in particular, the 2-phenylquinoline 6c was able to reduce, in a concentration-dependent manner, the ciprofloxacin MIC against the norA-overexpressing strains S. aureus SA-K2378 (norA++) and SA-1199B (norA+/ A116E GrlA).
2017
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11391/1412520
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